Cannabis and cannabis resin are classified as Class B drugs under Schedule 1 of the Misuse of Drugs (Bailiwick of Guernsey) Law, 1974. It is a criminal offence in the Bailiwick to possess, cultivate, supply or import cannabis.
An Order can be made under the Law to authorise the cultivation of cannabis and associated activities for the manufacture of industrial hemp and any other product. The Order also allows the licensed production and manufacture of products that can be legally marketed in Guernsey, and provide for the license to include a number of terms and conditions.
The licensing guide and information for applications can be found here: Cultivation and/or Processing of Cannabis and Cannabis Derived Products – Bailiwick of Guernsey Licensing Guide [436kb]
- The Fees are due on the day of submission of the application for approval.
- For a single entity on a single site cultivation only, under 5 acres (11.25 vergees) £4800 Larger sites depends on the area but at least £1100 per extra 5 acres, 11.25 vergees
- Processing plant for a cannabis products £1600 (if separate)
- Warehousing £1100 per facility (if separate)
- Commercial Export, fee per shipment requiring licensing £100
- States Analyst Validation if requested by Law Enforcement as per agreed fee table applicable at the time
- If for medicinal product production (experimental or routine) fees to be determined by the MHRA and CfHSC
- Revocation: The license may be revoked if the operation does not continue to meet these terms and conditions. The license should be specific to a single legal entity, operating from a defined set of premises, producing an agreed range of products for distribution in agreed countries/jurisdictions.
- Changes in ownership/management: Changes in management/directors (including non-executive directors) or ownership could also result in the licence being revoked if any new party cannot deliver a disclosure and barring service ('DBS') check or other requirements as stipulated by CfHSC.
- Security in the event of in/voluntary administration: In the event of any licensed business entering into voluntary or involuntary administration or ceasing to trade for other reasons, the agreed security processes must be maintained, or the crop will become forfeit and will be destroyed by the States of Guernsey (as changes in the security arrangements would be a breach of the licence).
- License Periods: The licenses will be issued for a period of up to but not exceeding 12 months.
- Regulation and Enforcement Procedures:
- The Chief Pharmacist and any person authorised by the Chief Pharmacist will be empowered to enter and inspect any site licensed under this process, on production of his/her identification badge issued by CfHSC. He/she will also be empowered to review any documentation (electronic or hard copy) and to make any copies he/she believes are necessary for ensuring/enforcing compliance with the terms of the licence. This includes validation and tracing of all output and waste product disposal.
- The licence holder must provide the information necessary for the completion of the INCB returns, which includes gross output of cannabis material, and of any product derived from it (such as CBD oil, including its THC content, area under cultivation). These reports have to be submitted to the Home Office (who are co-ordinating the returns for the British Islands) before the 31st of January each year.
- If medicinal forms /medicinal products are being produced the powers and authorities granted under The Medicines (Human and Veterinary) (Bailiwick of Guernsey) Law, 2008 also will apply.
- Officers of the Guernsey Law Enforcement Agencies will have access on the production of their warrant card, in addition to any other powers of entry and inspection they have under current legislation.